Egypt, region situated in the northeastern corner of Africa. Egypt’s heartland, the Nile River valley and delta, was the home of among the principal civilizations on the historical Middle East and, like Mesopotamia farther east, was the positioning of on the list of environment’s earliest city and literate societies. Pharaonic Egypt thrived for a few 3,000 years via a series of native dynasties that were interspersed with quick periods of foreign rule. Soon after Alexander the Great conquered the region in 323 BC.
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Egypt’s land frontiers border Libya on the west, Sudan towards the south, and Israel to your northeast. Egypt’s border with Sudan is notable for two spots, the Hala’ib Triangle along the Purple Sea and Bir Tawil additional inland, which have been matter to differing promises by The 2 countries (see ). During the north its Mediterranean coastline is about:
- 620 miles (1,000 km),
- inside the east its coastline to the Pink Sea and also the Gulf of Aqaba is about 1,200 miles (1,900 km).
The Nile valley and delta
The Nile delta, or Lower Egypt, addresses a location of nine,650 square miles (twenty five,000 sq km).
It really is about 100 miles (160 km) lengthy from Cairo for the Mediterranean, by using a coastline stretching some one hundred fifty miles (240 km) from Alexandria to Port Explained.
As a lot of as seven branches from the river when flowed with the delta, but its waters at the moment are concentrated in two
- the Damietta Branch
- the Rosetta Branch
Nevertheless thoroughly flat aside from an occasional mound projecting throughout the alluvium, the delta is way from featureless; it can be crisscrossed by a maze of canals and drainage channels
The Japanese Desert
The Jap Desert comprises Practically just one-fourth of the land surface of Egypt and addresses a place of here about 85,690 sq. miles (221,900 sq. km).
The northern tier can be a limestone plateau consisting of:
- rolling hills
- stretching in the Mediterranean coastal basic to a point around reverse Qinā on the Nile.
In close proximity to Qinā, the plateau breaks up into cliffs about one,600 feet (500 metres) high and is also deeply scored by wadis, which make the terrain quite challenging to traverse.
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